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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Occupational exposure to benzene found in the catalog.

Occupational exposure to benzene

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Office of Research and Standards Development.

Occupational exposure to benzene

by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Office of Research and Standards Development.

  • 262 Want to read
  • 40 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health in [Cincinnati] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Benzene -- Physiological effect.,
  • Industrial hygiene -- Research -- Standards -- United States.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesCriteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to benzene
    SeriesCriteria for a recommended standard, DHEW publication ; no. (NIOSH) 74-137
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, [2], 137 p. :
    Number of Pages137
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15396654M

    Animal experiments and occupational exposure studies conducted in the early part of the 20th century showed long-term benzene exposure particularly affects the hematopoietic system (Ferguson, et . If you have been diagnosed with leukemia or are suffering any health problems linked to benzene exposure, please schedule a free case review with a qualified professional at Napoli Shkolnik, PLLC. Our firm represents injured and ill workers throughout New York and across the country in workers’ compensation claims, hearings and appeals.

      According to the Enforcement Decree of Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Acts of specific criteria in , “1 ppm or more benzene exposure during 10 years or more” are regarded as sufficient exposure level to cause occupational diseases of leukemia and multiple by: 3. Rothman et al. () conducted a cross-sectional study of 44 workers exposed to benzene and 44 age- and gender-matched unexposed controls. Twenty-one of the 44 subjects in the exposed and control groups were female. Mean (standard deviation) years of occupational exposure to benzene were (), with a range of years. Benzene File Size: KB.

      We collected published and unpublished literature on occupational exposure to benzene at printing press facilities, identifying reports through PubMed, ToxNet, the NIOSH Health Hazard Evaluation database, and reviews on occupational benzene exposure. We used the following search terms: benzene, printing, and by: 4. Oral exposure to benzene can occur through ingestion of contaminated food and drinking water, though inhalation is the primary route of exposure for benzene [19,,]. Occupational exposure to benzene can occur in a variety of industries, including the chemical, pharmaceutical, textile, and .


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Occupational exposure to benzene by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Office of Research and Standards Development. Download PDF EPUB FB2

This study investigated the toxic effects of benzene on the liver and kidney functions, complete blood picture, immunoglobulins and some antioxidant enzymes with emphasis of urinary trans, trans-muconic acid (t,t-MA)as a biomarker of benzene exposure, considering the influence of cigarette s: Emara Ahmed, Ibrahim Khadiga, Shahy Eman.

The amount of published benzene exposure data in occupational settings is extremely limited and/or difficult to assess (van Wijngaarden and Stewartcited under Occupational Exposures to Benzene; Verma, et al.

; Verma and Rana ; Caldwell, et al. Given the paucity of published exposure information and the existence of highly. Occupational exposure. Occupational exposure to benzene occurs via inhalation or dermal absorption of solvents in the rubber, paint (including paint applications) and parts-manufacturing industries.

It also occurs during crude-oil refining and chemical manufacturing, a large component of which entails exposure to gasoline. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Occupational exposure to benzene. [Rockville, Md.?]: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Office of Research and Standards Development. Occupational exposure to benzene. [Cincinnati]: U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (OCoLC) Material Type.

16 rows    I. Recommendations for a Benzene Standard: II. Introduction: III. Biologic. Benzene is used in the manufacture of plastics, detergents, pesticides, and other chemicals.

With exposures from less than five years to more than 30 years, individuals have developed, and died from, leukemia. Long-term exposure may affect bone marrow and blood production. Short-term exposure to high levels of benzene can cause drowsiness, dizziness, unconsciousness, and death.

Symptoms. irritation eyes, skin, nose, respiratory system; dizziness; headache, nausea, staggered gait; anorexia, lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); dermatitis; bone marrow depression; [potential occupational carcinogen]. ().

Occupational Exposure to Benzene at the ExxonMobil Refinery at Baton Rouge, Louisiana (–) Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene: Vol. 6, No. 9, pp.

Cited by: Occupational Ototoxins (Ear Poisons) and Hearing Loss. Occupational Ototoxins (Ear Poisons) and Hearing Loss. The Problem. It is a well-known fact that hazardous noise exposure in the workplace can cause noise- induced hearing Size: KB.

of benzene-containing petroleum products, including motor fuels and solvents. Active and passive exposure to tobacco smoke is also a significant source of exposure.

Benzene is highly volatile, and exposure occurs mostly through inhalation.1,2 Public health actions are needed to reduce the exposure of both workers and the general population to. blood system can occur with exposure to benzene at concentrations of 30 ppm to ppm over a time period of 3 months to 17 years.

Exposure to benzene below workplace occupational exposure limits (OELs) have not been shown to produce damage to blood Size: KB. The benzene exposure level was low except in a factory where benzene was used to polymerize other chemicals.

The ambient benzene from to 1 ppm was significantly correlated with urine t,t-MA concentration (r =p by: Evaluating Exposure. Individuals employed in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of benzene. These industries include benzene production (petrochemicals, petroleum refining, and coke and coal chemical manufacturing), rubber tire manufacturing, and storage or transport of benzene and petroleum products containing benzene.

occupational exposure to benzene in mvr workshops This SIM alerts enforcement officers to changes in the MEL for benzene and gives advice on typical exposures in motor vehicle repair (MVR). Revised Recommendation for an Occupational Exposure Standard for-Benzene The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommended on Aug that occupational exposure be controlled so that no worker will be exposed to benzene in excess of 1 ppm ( mg/m:!) in air as determined by a 2-hour air sample col­.

are discussed. It should be noted that an individual’s total exposure to non-occupational benzene will result from a combination of these routes. Figure 1 Overview of the sources and routes of exposure to benzene Environmental sources of benzene exposure INHALATION INGESTION (DIET) (Section ) SKIN ABSORPTION Motoring (Section Overview.

The most important route of occupational exposure to benzene is inhalation, but dermal exposure can also occur. [1,2] Many workers are exposed to benzene via inhalation of motor vehicle Canada estimates that approximatelyCanadian workers are exposed to benzene; most exposures occur in the low exposure category.

Exposure to benzene liquid or vapor can irritate the skin, eyes, and throat. Skin exposure to benzene can result in redness and blisters. Long-term effects. Long-term exposure to benzene mainly harms the bone marrow, the soft, inner parts of bones where new blood cells are made.

This can result in. There is increasing evidence to indicate that the occupational exposure to benzene, pesticides and mineral fibers may be associated with an increased risk of cancer.

In this review, such evidence is summarized and discussed in order to determine and identify strategies with which to reduce such risks during work by:. prevent you being exposed to benzene, or where this cannot reasonably be done, adequately control your exposure; reduce your exposure to benzene so far as is reasonably practicable, and in any case, below the workplace exposure limit (WEL) assigned for benzene of 1 part per million (ppm) of air averaged over an 8-hour period;File Size: KB.In Marchthe ECHA Committee for Risk Assessment (RAC) proposed in a scientific opinion to lower significantly the occupational exposure limit (OEL) for benzene in the CMD (Carcinogenic and Mutagenic Directive).

To prepare for the tripartite discussion between members states, trade unions and employers, the Aromatics Producers Association (APA) together with Concawe, the [ ].

Introduction. Benzene is a common occupational solvent that has been used in multiple industries, particularly as a chemical intermediate in the production of plastics and in rubber manufacturing, and has been used as a solvent in common consumer products worldwide (Wilbur et al.

).Moreover, exposure to benzene is ubiquitous in the general population because it is present in Cited by: